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The present paper makes a detailed analysis of the tariff dispersion in Colombia, considering its evolution since the implementation of the economic opening in the nineties. The document presents a comparative framework between dispersion levels of the national tariff against that of the countries in the region. The analysis of tariff dispersion in Colombia and the levels of this in each sector of the national economy contributes as input for the estimation of a less dispersed tariff that allows the incursion of the Colombian economy in the global value chains.